Wildlife & Nature - Discover Sri Lanka with Bruno

Bird Watching

Sri Lanka is a birder's paradise. A tropical island in the Indian Ocean situated 10 degrees north of the equator, boasting of diverse and favourable climatic conditions and natural habitats such as forests, scrublands, grasslands, wetlands, seas and agricultural lands.

The majority of the local species are found in the Asian continent. A total of 198 species have been identified as newcomers to the country. The bulk of these birds migrate to Sri Lanka during the northern winter, arriving around August / September and remaining until April / May.

Whale & Dolphin Watching

There is a protected zone for whales in the Indian Ocean declared by the International Whale Watching Commission and Sri Lanka falls within this Zone. According to reports on observations of cetaceans world-wide, there are 80 species. 26 species of these are found in the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal.

Watching whales and dolphins cavorting so playfully engaging in frolics in complete freedom is an experience that touches and thrills the hearts of those who care for these creatures. It is during the morning and afternoon that herds of whales and large schools of dolphins become active and visible. Dolphins prefer to come out early morning and you will be able to see spinner dolphins in plenty as they are quite common.

Whales arrive from about November to December and also March to April when large shoals of dolphins can be seen a few miles offshore deep south of Sri Lanka. It is also the period when the seas around the western and southern coasts are calmest.

Bundala National Park

Bundala National park is lies on the Hambantota District of the southern province. Bundala initially declared as sanctuary on 05 th December 1969 and was upgraded to a National park on 4 th January 1993. This is the last refuge in the greater flamingo in this part of the island, as well as being important for elephant and a variety of threatened reptiles.

There have been 324 species of vertebrates recorded in Bundala National Park, of which 32 species are fish, 15 species are amphibians, 48 species are reptiles, 197 species are birds, and 32 species are mammalian. 52 species of butterflies and large Sri Lankan elephants can also be seen here.

Minneriya National Park

Set in the heart of the popular cultural triangle of Sri Lanka, Minneriya National Park is mostly known for its incredible elephant migration, which is one of Asia’s finest wildlife experiences. During the drier months of June to September, as many as 300 elephants congregate in the Minneriya National Park around the ancient Minneriya water tank, taking advantage of the receding waters that provide an important water source.

Minneriya National Park that covers an area of 8,889 hectares is of tropical monsoon climate: annual rainfall is about 1146mm and mean annual temperature is 27.5 centigrade. The altitude ranges from100m to 885m at the top of Nilgala peak.

Among the 24 species of mammals resident in the park are Elephants, Leopards, Sloth Bear, Spotted Deer, Sambar Deer, Wild Buffalo, Wild Pig, Grey Langers, Purple-faced Leaf Monkey, three species of Mongoose, Porcupine and Indian Pangolin. Pre-booked Minneriya Safari is the best way to see them all.

Kaudulla National Park

Kaudulla National Park is located 190 km away from Colombo in the Polonnaruwa district of the north central province of Sri Lanka. Kaudulla can be reached by Colombo- Trincomalee main road. The entrance to Kaudulla is 22 km north of the village of Habarana. The closest railway station is at Minneriya.

Topography is varied with hills, lowlands, forest and scrub land. Kaudulla is an ancient irrigation tank with a capacity of 104,000 feet acres. The main source of water is giant canal which is around the tank. The main annual rainfall is about 1500-2000 mm; mean annual temperature is 20°C.

Kumana National Park

Located in the southeast corner of Sri Lanka, the 18,149 hectares Kumana National Park is a well-known eco-tourism attraction and bird sanctuary where a multitude of birds breed and roost. Kumana National Park is the eastern sector of Yala National Park. One of the most significant features of the Kumana National Park is the 'Kumana Villu' - a 200 hectare natural swamp lake, fed by the 'Kumbukkan Oya' through a half mile long narrow channel.

The gateway to Kumana National Park is at Panama. The park office is located at Okanda, 22km south of Panama. Kumuna receives 1,300 millimetres (51.18 in) of annual rainfall. The mean annual temperature is 27 degrees Celsius. Kumana National Park provides excellent feeding and resting habitats for a large number of threatened wetland species, including three turtle species such as the Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas), Loggerhead Turtle (Caretta caretta), and the Olive Ridley Turtle (Lepidochelys olivaceae).

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